Herbal Medicine Glossary

Always do adequate research before engaging in herbal medicine consumption, to ensure you will not be subject to adverse health effects. If you have a medical condition, are on medication, or are pregnant, consult with a professional herbalist/doctor before beginning any herbal health regiment. The information provided is strictly research and does not promise to cure any medical condition.


We appreciate your patience as we develop a comprehensive glossary of herbal actions, medical conditions, and other relevant terms for your convenience! More coming soon! 


An herb used to produce absorption of exudates or diseased tissues. 

Absorbent Herbs: Black elm, Mullein, Slippery Elm


Source: “School Of Natural Healing” by Dr. John R. Christopher 



An herb used to alter the existing nutritive and excretory processes and gradually restore normal body functions. Promote the elimination of impurities and many act as blood cleansers.


Alterative Herbs: Plantain, Red Clover, Poke Root (pokeweed), Burdock Root, Chaparral (creosote bush), Oregon Grape (mountain grape), Blue Flag, Sassafras, Sarsaparilla, Echinacea (coneflower), Purple Loosestrife, Yellow Dock, Garlic.


Source: “School Of Natural Healing” by Dr. John R. Christopher 



Herbs used to relieve pain when administered orally (also see “anodynes”).


Analgesic Herbs: Black Willow (ovarian), Camomile, Catnip, Dill, Fit root, Flaxseed, Foxglove, Giant Solomon’s Seal, Indian hemp, Jamaica dogwood (root bark), Lobelia, Mullein, Sassy bark, Scopola, Scullcap, Skunk cabbage, Solomon’s seal, Stinging nettle, Twin Leaf, Wild yam, Wood betony.


Source: “School Of Natural Healing” by Dr. John R. Christopher 


Herbs used to lessen sexual functions and desires.


Anaphrodisiac Herbs: American black willow, Black willow, Camphor, Celery, Coca, Garden sage, Hops, Life everlasting, Oregon grape, Scullcap, White pond lily.


Source: “School Of Natural Healing” by Dr. John R. Christopher



Herbs used to relieve pain when applied externally.


Anodyne Herbs: Aconite (external only), American hellebore, Camomile, Camphor, Catnip, Coa, Corn silk, Elecampane, Hydrangea, Juniper berry and oil, Marigold, Mullein (especially flower and oil), Passion flower, Peppermint (methyll), Pleurisy root, Poke root, Saffron, Sassafras oil, Stinging nettle, Sweet-scented goldenrod, Tobacco juice, Tomato tops, Vervain (with flax seed), Water plantain, White lettuce.


Source: “School Of Natural Healing” by Dr. John R. Christopher 



Herbs used to neutralize acid in the stomach and intestinal tract.


Antacid Herbs: American angelica, Apple, Barberry, Black horehounds, Bladderwrack, Caraway, Catnip, Cloves, Coolwort, Elder flowers, Fennel, Galangal, Garden carrot, Irish moss, Pereira, Parsley, Peppermint, Slippery Elm, Sweet marjoram, White poplar


Source: “School Of Natural Healing” by Dr. John R. Christopher 


Herbs used to expel or destroy intestinal worms.


Anthelmintic Herbs: Aloe, American senna, Apricot seed, Arbor vitae, Balm of Gilead (bark), Balsam fir, Banana root, Beech, Bitter root, Black alder berries, Black hellebore, Black mulberry bark, Black walnut, Blue cohosh, Blue flag, Buckthorne, Cajuput Oil, Camomile, Camphor, Carrot, Cascara sagrada, Castor Oil, Catnip, Cloves (especially Eugenol), Culver’s root, Dulse, Elecampane, European pennyroyal, False unicorn, Feather geranium, Fennel and oil, Feverfew, Garlic, Gentian, Garden sage, Glycerin (non-herb), Hops, Horehound, Horseradish, Hyssop, Knotgrass Root, Leek, Lilac leaves and fruit, Mandrake, Marigold flowers, Mullein, Onion, Peach, Plantain, Pomegranate, Primrose, Pumpkin seeds, Purslane seeds (alcohol tincture), Purslane Seeds, Self-heal, Senna, Sorrel, Stinging nettle, Thyme, Thymol, Valerian, Vervain, Watermelon Seeds, White birch, White oak, White poplar, Wild carrot, Wood sage, Wormwood.


Source: “School Of Natural Healing” by Dr. John R. Christopher


Herbs used to counteract abortive tendencies.


Antacid Herbs: Cramp bark, False unicorn, Lobelia, Red raspberry, Witch hazel.


Source: “School Of Natural Healing” by Dr. John R. Christopher 



Herbs used to relieve and heal arthritic conditions.


Antacid Herbs: Bears foot, Bitterroot, Blackberry, Black cohosh, Buckthorn, Burdock, Cayenne, Chaparral, Dandelion, Hydrangea, Irish moss, Sarsaparilla, Saw palmetto, Scullcap, Wintergreen, Yellow dock, Yucca root.


Source: “School Of Natural Healing” by Dr. John R. Christopher 



Herbs used to relieve asthma.


Antacid Herbs: Agrimony, Angelica, Apple blossoms, Balm of Gilead, Beetroot juice, Black cohosh, Blue cohosh, Blood root, Boneset, Brigham tea, Cajuput oil, Cayenne, Chaparral, Cleavers, Coca, Coltsfoot, Comfrey root, Cramp bark, Daisy, Elder bark (cured) and berries, Elecampane, Eucalyptus, Evening primrose, Flaxseed, Garden sage, Garlic, Ground ivy, Hickory bark, Honeysuckle, Horehound, Hyssop, Indian hemp, Irish moss, Licorice, Lobelia (specific), Lungwort, Maidenhair, Milkweed, Mullein, Myrrh, Plantain, Pleurisy root, Prickly ash, Red clover, Red sage, Saw palmetto, Senega, Senna, Skunk cabbage, Slippery elm, Stinging nettle (roots and leaves), Sunflower Seeds, Thyme, Vervain, Walnut leaves, Wild cherry, Wild plum bark, Wild yam, Yerba santa leaves.


Source: “School Of Natural Healing” by Dr. John R. Christopher 


Herbs used to eliminate a biliary or jaundice condition in the body.


Antibilious Herbs: Agrimony, American centaury, Apple bark, Ash leaves (with wine decoction), Barberry, Bayberry, Bitter root, Bittersweet, Black alder, Blackstrap molasses, Blessed thistle, Blood root, Boneset, Borage, Broom, Buckbean, Button snake root, Calamint, Camomile, Cascara sagrada, Cayenne, Celandine, Chicory, Cleavers, Columbine seeds, Dandelion, Dyer’s madder, Elecampane, Fennel, Garden sage, Gentian, Golden seal, Gravel root, Ground ivy, Hemp agrimony, Henna, Hollyhock, Hops, Horehound, Horseradish, Lungwort, Mandrake, Marigold flowers, Mountain laurel, Oregon grape, Parsley, Peach, Pennyroyal, Peruvian bark, Plantain, Poke root, Pomegranate, Prickly ash, Red root, Red sage, Rue, Salsify, Self-heal, Senna, Sorrel, Spearmint oil, St. John’s wort, Stinging nettles, Sweet marjoram, Tansy, Turkey rhubarb, Turmeric, Vervain, Water plantain, White poplar, Wild cherry, Wild yam, Wood betony, Wormwood, Yarrow. 


Source: “School Of Natural Healing” by Dr. John R. Christopher 



Herbs used to heal catarr (excess mucus) conditions in the body.


Anticatarrhal Herbs: Angelica, Anise (infantile), Asthma weed, Balm, Barberry, Barley, Bayberry, Bittersweet, Black mallow flowers, Black walnut, Blood root, Boneset, Cherry, Cloves, Coltsfoot, Comfrey, Coriander seed, Cramp bark, Cranesbill, Echinacea, Elder flowers and berries, Elecampane, Eyebright, Feather geranium, Fennel seed (non-astringing), Greater celandine, Horseradish, Hyssop, Indian hemp, licorice, Lily-of-the-valley, Lobelia, Lungwort, Marshmallow, Milk thistle, Mountain flax, Mullein, Oregon grape, Parsley, Peppermint, Peruvian balsam, Peruvian bark, Safflower, Sarsaparilla, Saw palmetto berries, Senga, Sesame, Skunk cabbage, Sumach, Swamp milkweed, Thyme (and thymol), Uva-ursi, Vervain, Vinegar & honey, Virginia stone crop, Watercress, Water fennel, Water plantain, White oak, White pine, Wild cherry, Wild yam, Wintergreen, Witch hazel, Wood sorrel, Yarrow, Yerba santa.


Source: “School Of Natural Healing” by Dr. John R. Christopher


Herbs used to lessen nausea and prevent or relieve vomiting.


Antiemetic Herbs: Adrue (pregnancy), Anise, Balm, Bilberry, Bitter orange, Black horehounds, Camphore, Cascarilla, Cassia, Catnip, Cayenne, Cinnamon bark, Cloves, Coffee, Cramp bark (pregnancy), Irish moss, Jamaica ginger, Knotgrass, Lavender, Lobelia, Marigold, Nutmeg, Peach leaves, Pennyroyal, Peppermint (pregnancy), Red clover, Red osiers (pregnancy), Red raspberry, Sassafras oil, Spearmint (pregnancy), Sweet basil (fresh), Water plantain, White oak, White poplar, Wild marjoram, Wild yam.


Source: “School Of Natural Healing” by Dr. John R. Christopher


Herbs used to prevent, resist, and counteract putrefaction (decay of cells and formations of pus).


Antiseptic Herbs: 


Source: “School Of Natural Healing” by Dr. John R. Christopher 



Herbs having a bitter taste and serving as stimulant tonics to the gastrointestinal mucous membranes.


Bitter Herbs: Angostura, Barberry, Boneset, Bugle, Cachalagua, Camomile, Cascara amarga, Cedron, Chaparral, European birch, European centaury, Feverbush, Feverfew, Gentian, Gold thread, Horehound, Peach, Quassia, Rue, Wild cherry, Wood sage, Wormwood.


Source: “School Of Natural Healing” by Dr. John R. Christopher 



Herbs that are active purgatives to the intestinal tract, exciting peristalsis (bowel muscle contraction), and stimulating glandular secretions, producing semi-fluid bowel movements with some irritation and griping.


Cathartic Herbs: Aloe, American senna (mild), Ash leaves, Balm of Gilead, Black hellebore (drastic, hydragogue), Barberry (large),  Black walnut, Blood root, Blue flag, Buckbean (large), Buckthorn, Camomile, Cascara amarga, Cascara sagrada (large), Celandine, Croton oil, Culver’s root, Daffodil, Elder root and bark (hydragogue), Fireweed, Garlic, Gentian, Goat’s rue, Greater celandine, Hickory, Holly, Horehound (large dose), Hydrangea, Indian hemp, Ivy berries, Licorice, Lobelia, Mulberry, Myrrh (large), Orrise (fresh, large), Pansy, Pleurisy root (mild, large), Poke root, Prickly ash (fresh bark or berries), Red raspberry, Sarsaparilla, Senega (large), Senna leaves, turkey rhubarb, Uva Ursi (large), Valerian, White ash bark, Wild senna, Wild violet, Yarrow (large), Yellow dock, Yellow flag.


Source: “School Of Natural Healing” by Dr. John R. Christopher 


Cell Proliferants

Herbs that promote rapid healing and restoration.


Cell Proliferant Herbs: Aloe vera, Comfrey, Elecampane, Saw palmetto.


Source: “School Of Natural Healing” by Dr. John R. Christopher 



Herbs used to alter and lessen the severity of action of other herbs, especially cathartics or purgatives.


Corrective Herbs: American pennyroyal, Aniseed, Bay leaves, Bee balm, Caraway, Cascara sagrada, Catnip, Cinnamon bark, Cloves, Coriander, Fennel, Flaxseed, Jamaica ginger, Licorice, Manna, Nutmeg, Olive bark, Peppermint, Sweet fennel, Thyme, Tormentil.


Source: “School Of Natural Healing” by Dr. John R. Christopher 


Dental Anodynes

Herbs used locally to relieve pain from an exposed nerve filament in the tooth (toothache).


Dental Anodyne Herbs: Bee balm, black mustard, Boxwood oil, Broom, Bull nettle root (chew), Cajuput, Camomile, Camphor, Canada snake root, Galangal, Hops, Jamaica ginger, Mullein, Mustard, Oil of cajuput, Oil of capsicum, Oil of caraway, Oil of cloves, Oil or origanum, Oil of peppermint, Oil of rosemary, Oil of sassafras, Pennyroyal, Pellitory root, Prickly ash bark (chew), Prickly ash berries (tincture), Silverweed, Stavesacre seeds (local), Summer savory, Sweet marjoram, Tansy, Thymol, Tormentil, Wild marjoram (oleum origanum), Yarrow (fresh leaf), Yellow flag.


Source: “School Of Natural Healing” by Dr. John R. Christopher 



Herbs that eliminate foul odors.


Deodorant Herbs: Blackberry, Charcoal (activated), Chlorophyll (wheat grass), Echinacea, Lovage, Mandrake, Thymol.


Source: “School Of Natural Healing” by Dr. John R. Christopher 


Herbs that clean or purify the blood by promoting eliminative functions.


Depurant Herbs: Agrimony, American sarsaparillas, Apple (unpeeled), Bitter root, Bittersweet, Black alder, Blackberry, Blessed thistle, Blue cohosh, Blue flag, Borage, Buckthorne, Burdock root, Chaparral, Chickweed, Cleavers, Coconut milk, Dandelion, Dulse, Echinacea, Elder flowers, European centaury, EUropean pennyroyal, Fennel, FIreweed, Gentian, Hemp agrimony, Herb patience, Hickory, Hyssop, Kava kava, Linden, Marsh rosemary, Meadow fern, Meadowsweet, Oregon grape, Pansy, Plantain, Poke root, Prickly ash, Red clover, Red dock, Sarsaparilla, Sassafras root bark, Senna pods, SOrrel, St. John’s wort, Stinging nettle, Water cress, White clover, Wild violet, Wood betony, Yellow dock.


Source: “School Of Natural Healing” by Dr. John R. Christopher 



Exudate is fluid that leaks out of blood vessels into nearby tissues. The fluid is made of cells, proteins, and solid materials. Exudate may ooze from cuts or from areas of infection or inflammation. It is also called pus. In people who have an eye disease called diabetic retinopathy, exudates form in the retina of the eye.


Source: https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/002357.htm


Herbs that induce a relaxing sleep.


Soporific Herbs: Black cohosh, catnip, Elder flowers, Hops, Indian hemp, Jamaica dogwood root bark, Lady’s slipper, Motherwort, Mullein, Passion flower, Peppermint, Primrose, Scullcap, Valerian, vervain, Wafer ash fruit.


Source: “School Of Natural Healing” by Dr. John R. Christopher 



Herbs that stimulate nutrition and permanently increase systemic tone, energy, vigor, and strength.


Tonic Herbs: Agrimony, Almond, American angelica, Anise, Balm of GIlead, Bee balm, Black cohosh, Black currant, Black elm, Black horehounds, Black pepper, Black walnut, Blue cohosh, Blood root, Boneset, Brigham tea, Buckbean, Buckthorne, Burdock, Cayenne, Chaparral, Cherry, Chestnut, Chicory, Cinquefoil, Cleavers, Coltsfooot, Columbine, Comfrey, Cornflower, Cramp bark, Cranesbill, Culver’s root, Damiana, Dandelion, Echinacea, Elecampane, Endive, European angelica, European pennyroyal, Eyebright, Feverfew, Fireweed, Garden sage, Garlic, Gentian, German camomile, Ginseng, Golden seal, Gravel root, Ground ivy, Hawthorn, Hickory, Hops, Horehound, Horseradish, Hydrangea, Hyssop, Ivy, Lady’s maiden hair, Male fern, Mandrake (liver, intestines, uterus), Marigold, Milkweed root, Mistletoe, Mother of Thyme, Motherwort, Mountain flax, Mugwort, Mustard, Myrrh, Oats, Oregon grape, Parsley, Passion flower, Pleurisy root, Poke root, Pomegranate, Prickly ash, Purple loosestrife, Quince, Ragowrt, Red clover, Red maple, Red raspberry, Red rose, Rhubarb, Rue, Safflower, Sarsaparilla, Scullcap (nervine), Self-heal, Senna, Slipper elm, Smartweed, Solomon’s seal, Stinging nettle, Strawberry, Sumach, Sweet marjoram, Tamarind, Tansy, Texas snake root, Thyme, Tormentil, True unicorn, Turmeric, Turkey rhubarb, Uva Ursi (soothing), Valerian, Vanilla, Vervain, Virginia snake root, Walnut leaves & bark, White oak, White poplar, Wild cherry, Wild marjoram, Wild yam, Witch hazel, Wood betony, Wood sage, wormwood, Yarrow, Yellow dock, Yellow lady’s slipper.


Source: “School Of Natural Healing” by Dr. John R. Christopher 






“School Of  Natural Healing” by Dr. John R. Christopher


“Medical Encyclopedia” - Medline Plus - https://medlineplus.gov/encyclopedia.html